Food & Agriculture


Main open land cultivation products in Finland are barley, oat, wheat, potato and rye. Main animal husbandry products are milk, butter, cheese, whey powder, pork, poultry, beef, lamb and eggs. There is also reindeer husbandry in the Northern Finland.

The demand for organically produced food is increasing drastically in Finland. The number of organic farms has been growing through the 2000’s and in 2012 there were about 4 300 organic farms using 9% of the total cultivated area. The aim is to reach 20 % by 2020. Most of organically produced food comes from crop husbandry.The sales of organically produced groceries grew by 24 % in 2012.


In 2013, there were 3,859 horticultural businesses in Finland, out of which the open field production area was 15 729 hectares and the greenhouse farming area was 392 hectares. The greenhouse farming is mainly concentrated on the west and south-west coastal areas. Most of the production area is reserved for vegetables and decoration plants and flowers. The rest is mostly divided between young plants and berries.

The most important greenhouse vegetables produced in Finland are tomato and cucumber. In addition, there is a large production of herbs, lettuce and peppers. Greenhouse cultivation in Finland is costly because of the cold climate and lack of daylight during the winter. This affects the retail prices, but there is a large group of consumers willing to pay the, sometimes great, difference to eat Finnish tomatoes and other vegetables. Companies continue investing in greenhouses and heating plants. Nearly all of the greenhouse companies are family businesses, and even the larger ones, which employ dozens of people, are usually family-run.